Humanitarian Resource Documents


Affected Populations

Refugees

From the UNHCR: "The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees is the key legal document in defining who is a refugee, their rights and the legal obligations of states."

Internally Displaced Persons

From the UNHCR: "Internally displaced persons, or IDPs, are among the world's most vulnerable people. Unlike refugees, IDPs have not crossed an international border to find sanctuary but have remained inside their home countries. Even if they have fled for similar reasons as refugees (armed conflict, generalized violence, human rights violations), IDPs legally remain under the protection of their own government - even though that government might be the cause of their flight. As citizens, they retain all of their rights and protection under both human rights and international humanitarian law."

Stateless Persons

From the UNHCR: "Nationality is a legal bond between a state and an individual, and statelessness refers to the condition of an individual who is not considered as a national by any state."

Additional Resources

The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees is mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well being of refugees.


Civil-Military Coordination

In Disaster Response

In Conflict

UN-CMCoord References

Country- and Area-specific guidance

Afghanistan
Chad
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

Haiti

Iraq

Liberia
Libya/North Africa
Pakistan
Sudan






International Law

Human Rights Law

International Humanitarian Law

  • Geneva Conventions and Protocols
    1. Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field (1949)
    2. Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked in Armed Forces at Sea (1949)
    3. Convention (III) Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (1949)
    4. Convention (IV) Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (1949)
    5. Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I, 1977)
    6. Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II, 1977)
    7. Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem (Protocol III, 2005)

International Disaster Response Law


Response Minimum Standards (MOEs / MOPs)