Strategy to Task Analysis

Introduction

The Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance was established in 1994 by congressional legislation to address the worldwide need for education, training, and interagency and international civil-military coordination to provide relief, stability, and security. Below are key statements  from various U.S. government strategy documents that highlight the importance of disaster preparedness and humanitarian assistance principles and experience.

All narrative below is UNCLASSIFIED.

 

National Security Strategy of the United States of America, 2017

The United States will continue to lead the world in humanitarian assistance. Even as we expect others to share responsibility, the United States will continue to catalyze international responses to man-made and natural disasters and provide our expertise and capabilities to those in need. We will support food security and health programs that save lives and address the root cause of hunger and disease. We will support displaced people close to their homes to help meet their needs until they can safely and voluntarily return home.”

 “Working with Australia and New Zealand, we will shore up fragile partner states in the Pacific Islands region to reduce their vulnerability to economic fluctuations and natural disasters.”


Summary of the National Defense Strategy of the United States of America, 2018

Although there are no specific references to Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response, CFE-DM’s operations, actions, and activities directly impact the execution of the National Defense Strategy as it relates to interagency coordination, and working to strengthen and expand our relationships with allies and partners addressing common security interests.

Integrate with U.S. Interagency. Effectively expanding the competitive space requires combined actions with the U.S. interagency to employ all dimensions of national power. We will assist the efforts of the Department of State, Treasury, Justice, Energy, Homeland Security, Commerce, USAID, as well as the Intelligence Community, law enforcement, and others to identify and build partnerships to address areas of economic, technological, and informational vulnerabilities.

Counter coercion and supervision.
We will support U.S. interagency approaches and work by, with, and through our allies and partners to secure our interests and counteract this coercion.

Expand Indo-Pacific alliances and partnerships.
A free and open Indo-Pacific region provides prosperity and security for all. We will strengthen our alliances and partnerships in the Indo-Pacific to a networked security architecture capable of deterring aggression, maintaining stability, and ensuring free access to common domains. With key countries in the region, we will bring together bilateral and multilateral security relationships to preserve the free and open international system.


USPACOM Theater Strategy, 21 February 2017

Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Response (HA/DR). HA/DR preparation and response often presents opportunities for engagement with nations reluctant to partner with USPACOM. In addition to relieving human suffering, such actions help change regional and public perceptions of the U.S. and may initiate an enduring relationship. Pre-event, USPACOM will assist interagency efforts to strengthen other nations’ response preparedness through exercises, training, and equipment sales, and explore pre-positioning relief supplies near disaster prone areas to improve response times. During disasters, USPACOM plays an important, but often supporting role to host nation, neighboring nation(s), and lead federal agency efforts to address these events regionally or domestically. USPACOM is uniquely able to provide critical initial response and enable first responders through strategic lift as well as quickly mobilize people and capabilities. Finally, post-event, USPACOM will leverage the Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance to capture lessons learned for future plans, training, and exercises.


Quadrennial Defense Review, 2014

"The Department's defense strategy emphasizes three pillars: Protect the homeland…Build security globally… Project power and win decisively, to defeat aggression, disrupt and destroy terrorist networks, and provide humanitarian assistance and disaster relief."

"The American people expect the Department of Defense to assist civil authorities in saving and sustaining lives after natural and man-made disasters, including extreme weather events, pandemics, and industrial accidents."

"U.S. power projection capabilities are not only about defeating threats.  From responding to crises to executing non-combatant evacuations and partnering with civilian agencies to conduct humanitarian disaster relief missions, the U.S. Armed Forces project power to provide stability when countries or regions need it most.


Guidance for Employment of the Force, 2015-2017

Support to Global Synchronizers. Pandemic Influenza and Infectious Disease. Campaign plans will consider actions to support partner nations in building baseline capabilities and capacity identified in the International Health Regulations and the supporting and complementary U.S. Government priorities identified in the National Strategy for Countering Biological Threats, and the Global Health Security Agenda. Building capacity efforts should also consider regional capacity and capability and include relevant U.S. Government, non-governmental organization, and United Nations system partners.

Foreign Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief. Campaign plans will consider measures the Combatant Command could take in support to mitigate the likelihood and the negative effects of manmade or natural disasters. Measures should focus on building partner nations’ capacity to prepare for, mitigate, or respond to humanitarian disasters.

Non-Department of Defense Activities. In coordination with the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy and the Joint Staff, Combatant Commands will coordinate steady-state activities with other Federal departments and agencies and international partners, as appropriate. To the extend practical, Combatant Commands will maintain awareness of non-governmental organization activities that affect accomplishment of its campaign objectives, and may coordinate with nongovernmental organizations if doing so will facilitate accomplishment of campaign objectives. Plans should identify necessary acquisition and cross-servicing agreements, public-private partnerships, and intergovernmental, multinational, and host nation requirements.

Security Cooperation Planning Guidance. 
Security cooperation tools include combined or multinational education, exercises, and training; counter-narcotics assistance; counter-proliferation and nonproliferation programs, defense institution building (DIB); defense and military contracts; humanitarian assistance; information sharing and intelligence cooperation; International Armaments Cooperation (IAC), e.g. program-to-program cooperation, science and technology collaboration, and logistics support; the National Guard State Partnership Program; Foreign Military Sales (FMS); and security assistance. Many of these programs are led or administered by the Department of State, in coordination with DoD.


Joint Publication 3-29, "Foreign Humanitarian Assistance." 3 January 2014

“The Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (COE-DMHA) established by congressional legislation in 1994, operates under the authority of Secretary of Defense and fulfills a worldwide mission to enhance civil-military coordination through collaborative partnerships, education and training, and applied research. The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Partnership Strategy and Stability Operations provides guidance through the Commander, United States Pacific Command (USPACOM), who exercises direct control of COE-DMHA. As such, USPACOM and its Service components are primary customers. COE-DMHA efforts focus on the operational level, supporting the Combatant Commander’s (CCDR’s) Theater Cooperation Plan (TCP) and preparing Joint Task Force (JTF) commanders and staffs for disaster response and HA operations. Education, training, and applied research activities are designed to improve civil-military performance across the spectrum of humanitarian response from natural disasters to complex contingencies.”


Joint Publication 3-07, "Stability" 3 August 2016 

“US Armed Forces participation in humanitarian assistance generally falls into one of two categories. The first is humanitarian assistance that falls under Foreign Humanitarian Assistance (FHA) and the second is some combination of Humanitarian and Civic Assistance (HCA).”

 “FHA consists of DOD activities, normally in support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) or DOS, conducted outside the US and its territories to relieve or reduce human suffering, disease, hunger, or privation. FHA is conducted to relieve or reduce threats to life or that can result in great damage to or loss of property. FHA may be conducted as a stand-alone mission (e.g. relief following an earthquake or other natural disaster) or as one component of a larger operation (e.g. relief provided during peace operations). FHA includes the provision of humanitarian relief to affected civilian populations following combat operations in a campaign or major operation conducted by joint forces.”

“HCA is assistance to the local populace provided in conjunction with authorized military operations… When at all possible, the assistance provided in HCA should be designed to increase the long-term capacity of the Host Nation to provide for the health and well-being of its populace.”

“The humanitarian assistance function includes programs conducted to meet basic human needs to ensure the social well-being of the population. Social well-being is characterized by access to and delivery of basic needs and services (water, food, shelter, sanitation, and health services), the provision of primary and secondary education, the return or voluntary resettlement of those displaced by violent conflict, and the restoration of a social fabric and community life.”

“Civilian development agencies generally break humanitarian assistance into three categories: emergency humanitarian and disaster assistance; shorter-term transition initiatives; and longer-term development assistance… The assistance provided supplements or complements the efforts of the Host Nation civil authorities, USG departments and agencies, and various international organizations and NGOs that may have the primary responsibility for providing humanitarian assistance. In most cases, military support to humanitarian assistance will be provided only at the request of civilian agencies and will be limited to those activities for which the military has a unique capability that would otherwise be unavailable.“


USPACOM Theater Campaign Plan (TCP) 5000-20, Fiscal Years 2018-2022

“The main effort is to build strong relationships with Allies, Partners, other government agencies, and private organizations. Actions ensuring effective presence demonstrate USPACOM readiness for contingencies and assures the region of U.S. commitment. Strategic communication is integrated across all activities to gain greater effect and reinforce national level messages.”

“USPACOM’s success in the region is tied to solid security relationships with Allies, partners, multilateral constructs, and potential partners. To effectively shape the security environment, our continued regional presence and readiness to respond to contingencies are dependent on our regional partners as well as international organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Additionally, other government agencies enhance USPACOM’s efforts to strengthen relationships and build partner capacity in support of DoD mission areas. Non-governmental organizations and intergovernmental organizations, especially the United Nations, also contribute to regional integration, development, and security.”

“‘All Hazards’ includes natural disasters, pandemic influenza infectious disease, and man-made disasters (non-attributable: nuclear power plant accidents, oil spills, accidental release of bioagents, and industrial chemical leaks; and attributable such as genocide). ‘All Hazards’ incidents will occur because of the unstable geological fault lines beneath the Indonesian Archipelago, running northwards through the Philippines and Japanese archipelagos, tropical depressions that form in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and over-burdened coastal environments.”


FY17 "Memorandum of Understanding Between United States Pacific Command and Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance,” October 2016

1. PURPOSE AND AUTHORITY: This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is entered into by and between the Commander, U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM) and the Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DM). The purpose of this MOU is to define the relationship between both parties, and to capture the unique arrangements established for the actual provision of administrative support services by USPACOM. The 17 April 2000 SECDEF MEMO placed CFE-DM under the “direction and control” of USPACOM. This MOU will not repeat the Center’s tasks identified in T10, Section 182; Theater Campaign Plan (TCP), Theater Campaign Order (TCO); or USPACOM INST 0503.1, “Command Relations in the U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM).

2. SCOPE: Services that USPACOM may provide under this MOU include military and limited civilian personnel support, legal advice and counsel, budget and financial management, contract management, processing of security clearance verifications and (re) investigations, provision and accreditation of secure information technology equipment and services, records management and correspondence program oversight and assistance, and such other related services as may be agreed upon in the future. Specific provisions and the related responsibilities of each party are defined in the attachment, along with the Office of Primary Responsibility (OPR). The various factors considered in selecting administrative functions for USPACOM support include relative proximity, economies of scale, and the limited capacity of CFE-DM to perform the full range of inherently governmental functions with its few government employees.

3. GENERAL PROVISIONS: This MOU will be reviewed annually, on or around the anniversary of its effective date, and triennially in its entirety, and may only be modified by the written agreement of USPACOM and CFE-DM. This MOU shall become effective when signed by both USPACOM and CFE-DM. Any disputes relating to this MOU will be resolved by consultation between the parties in accordance with Department of Defense Instruction 4000.19. The MOU may be terminated in writing at will by either party. When signed, this MOU cancels and supersedes any and all previously signed MOUs between the same parties.


Title 10, §182 – Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance

“(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary of Defense may operate a Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (in this section referred to as the ‘‘Center’’).

(b) MISSIONS.—(1) The Center shall be used to provide and facilitate education, training, and research in civil-military operations, particularly operations that require international disaster management and humanitarian assistance and operations that require coordination between the Department of Defense and other agencies. (2) The Center shall be used to make available high-quality disaster management and humanitarian assistance in response to disasters. (3) The Center shall be used to provide and facilitate education, training, interagency coordination, and research on the following additional matters: (A) Management of the consequences of nuclear, biological, and chemical events. (B) Management of the consequences of terrorism. (C) Appropriate roles for the reserve components in the management of such consequences and in disaster management and humanitarian assistance in response to natural disasters. (D) Meeting requirements for information in connection with regional and global disasters, including the use of advanced communications technology as a virtual library. (E) Tropical medicine, particularly in relation to the medical readiness requirements of the Department of Defense. (4) The Center shall develop a repository of disaster risk indicators for the Asia-Pacific region. (5) The Center shall perform such other missions as the Secretary of Defense may specify.

(c) JOINT OPERATION WITH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION AUTHORIZED.—The Secretary of Defense may enter into an agreement with appropriate officials of an institution of higher education to provide for joint operation of the Center. Any such agreement shall provide for the institution to furnish necessary administrative services for the Center, including administration and allocation of funds.

(d) ACCEPTANCE OF DONATIONS.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense may accept, on behalf of the Center, donations to be used to defray the costs of the Center or to enhance the operation of the Center. Such donations may be accepted from any agency of the Federal Government, any State or local government, any foreign government, any foundation or other charitable organization (including any that is organized or operates under the laws of a foreign country), or any other private source in the United States or a foreign country. (2) The Secretary may not accept a donation under paragraph (1) if the acceptance of the donation would compromise or appear to compromise — (A) the ability of the Department of Defense, any employee of the Department, or members of the armed forces, to carry out any responsibility or duty of the Department in a fair and objective manner; or (B) the integrity of any program of the Department of Defense or of any person involved in such a program. (3) The Secretary shall prescribe written guidance setting forth the criteria to be used in determining whether or not the acceptance of a foreign donation would have a result described in paragraph (2). (4) Funds accepted by the Secretary under paragraph (1) as a donation on behalf of the Center shall be credited to appropriations available to the Department of Defense for the Center. Funds so credited shall be merged with the appropriations to which credited and shall be available for the Center for the same purposes and the same period as the appropriations with which merged.”

Payments for Education and Training of Personnel of Foreign Countries

Pub. L. 107–248, Title VIII, §8093, Oct. 23, 2002, 116 Stat. 1558, provided that: “During the current fiscal year and hereafter, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Center of Excellence for Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance may also pay, or authorize payment for, the expenses
of providing or facilitating education and training for appropriate military and civilian personnel of foreign countries in disaster management, peace operations, and humanitarian assistance.”

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

• Pub. L. 107–117, div. A, title VIII, §8109, Jan. 10, 2002, 115 Stat. 2272
• Pub. L. 106–259, title VIII, §8109, Aug. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 698
• Pub. L. 106–79, title VIII, §8139, Oct. 25, 1999, 113 Stat. 1269


ASD SOLIC Memo, “Policy Guidance to the Center Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance,” 23 September 2016

The Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DM) has an important role to play in civil-military coordination, education, training, and research in disaster management within the Department of Defense (DoD), across the U.S. Government, and in the international community. We continue to support the work conducted by the CFE-DM, and appreciate in particular, the recent efforts by U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM) and the CFE-DM Director to strengthen and streamline the Center’s activities.

Consistent with the missions and authorities assigned to the CFE-DM in Section 182 of Title 10, U.S. Code, and the lines of effort established by the CFE-DM Director, I request that you direct the CFE-DM to set its priorities in accordance with the following policy guidance. These are not exclusive of other activities that the CFE-DM may be in a position to undertake, depending on staffing and resourcing.

Regional Civil-Military Coordination

  • Support the Department of Defense (DoD) co-chairmanship of the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Defense Ministers Meeting (ADMM) Plus Experts Working Group (EWG) on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA/DR) from calendar year 2017 through 2019. ADMM-Plus is a priority engagement for the Secretary of Defense. The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Stability and Humanitarian Affairs (DASD/SHA) will lead the co-chair effort, in close coordination with the DASD for South and Southeast Asia.
  • Engage the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), the ASEAN Centre for Military Medicine, the Republic of Singapore’s Regional Humanitarian Coordination Centre, and other emerging national and regional centers, to strengthen capabilities to prepare and respond to disasters in the Asia-Pacific Region.• Engage with the Government of India through bilateral (e.g. the Military Cooperation Group’s Disaster Response Working Group), trilateral (e.g. the India-U.S.-Japan HA/DR Trilateral Working Group), and multilateral mechanisms (e.g. ASEAN, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) to strengthen Indian leadership in disaster management in South Asia.
  • Collaborate with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs to advance civil-military coordination in disaster preparedness and response, including to develop and implement common guidelines and standards.

Training and Education

  • Partner with the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences’ Center for Global Health Engagement and the U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute to support efforts by the office of the DASD/SHA and Under secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness in institutionalizing foreign disaster relief education and training across DoD (e.g. , for pre-deployment training, professional military education, exercises, etc.)
  • Develop collaborative partnerships with foreign military institutions to strengthen disaster management training and education.

Applied Research and Information Sharing

  • Develop comprehensive disaster management baseline assessments of hazard-prone countries that inform security cooperation programs and foreign disaster relief (FDR) operations. These assessments will be made readily available to DoD and interagency stakeholders.
  • Develop comprehensive lessons-learned reports following FDR operations that focus on the civil-military nexus. Doing so will complement lessons-learned reports and after-action reviews conducted by the Service components, the Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff’s Joint Force Development Directorate (e.g. Joint and Coalition Operational Analysis Division), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and the international community. These reports should inform Geographic Combatant Command training, education, security cooperation activities, and planning for real-world operations.

In implementing the above ASD/SOLIC policy priorities for regional civil-military coordination, training, education, applied research, and information sharing, I encourage the CFE-DM to collaborate with USAID/Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) representatives to the maximum extent possible to ensure U.S. Government consensus on international disaster management issue.


USPACOM Theater Campaign Order (TCO) FY 18/19 Excerpt (CFE-DM), 3 August 2017

Director, Center for Excellence, Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DM):

(a) As the USPACOM lead for the ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting (ADMM)-Plus Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA/DR) Experts Working Group (EWG), provide support to the Department of Defense (DoD) co-chairmanship of the ADMM-Plus HADR EWG from calendar year 2017 to 2019.

(b) The CFE-DM will enhance disaster management and humanitarian assistance (DMHA) capacity within U.S. forces and partner national militaries, conduct crisis response training and engagements in the Asia Pacific Theater, introduce advanced on-line course, and offer an International Humanitarian Assistance Response Training (HART) course for USPACOM priority countries and align with the All Hazards LOE.

(c) Provide DMHA expertise and knowledge management, share relevant lessons learned and best practices, conduct applied research studies through collaboration with academic institutions, and complete disaster management reference handbooks and assessments for USPACOM priority countries to inform preparedness planning and response efforts.

(d) Support regional security cooperation and USG involvement in civil-military disaster management consultations within multiple forums, including but not limited to engagement activities with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP), the regional headquarters for the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)/Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Pacific Island Forum (PIF), and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). Additionally, provide subject-matter expertise and support to the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and its associated DMHA communities, in support of and in cooperation with USPACOM J9 and the All Hazards LOE Working Group. 

(e) Partner with the ASEAN Coordinating Center for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Center) to test and refine the ASEAN Joint Disaster Response Plan.

(f) In partnership with UNOCHA ROAP, serve as co-secretariat for the Regional Consultative Group on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific.

(g) Educate and train US Forces Korea (USFK) and Combined Forces Command (CFC), including Republic of Korea (ROK) military forces on complex civil-military operations, humanitarian assistance, and civil-military coordination in permissive and non-permissive environments.

(h) Provide timely DMHA advice and decision-making support to USPACOM and other USG and international entities before, during, and after a disaster, by building knowledge, expertise, and awareness to support civil-military leadership on matters pertaining to disaster management and humanitarian assistance.

(i) Provide Subject Matter Experts (SME) to All Hazards Working Group and appropriate sub-working groups.

(j) Provide required updates to USPACOM and OSD-P in accordance with the OSD-P memorandum to USPACOM on Policy Guidance for CFE-DM.


USPACOMINST 0530.1, Command Relationships in the U.S. Pacific Command, December 2015

1. Purpose. To define the mission, responsibilities, and functions of the Director, Center for Excellence (CFE) in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (hereafter referred to as CFE-DM) in support to Commander, U.S. Pacific Command.

2. Mission. CFE’s mission is to provide and facilitate specialized education, training, and research in civil, military, and civil-military operations to improve interoperability and capabilities, specifically with international operations that require disaster management and humanitarian assistance and coordination among the Department of Defense (DoD) and other USG agencies, international organizations, and non-government organizations. The Center, in conjunction with, and support of its domestic and international partners, builds interagency working relationships and institutional capacity in USPACOM’s ability to conduct Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (DMHA) through exercises, academics, and other innovative training events.

3. Responsibilities and Functions

a. Per 24 April 2000 SECDEF MEMO, Subj: Center for Excellence in Disaster Mgt. and Humanitarian Assistance, USD (Policy) exercises overall supervision of CFE-DM from policy level (principally through ASD-SOLIC). The memo also approved COMUSPACOM request that CFE-DM operate under USPACOM’s direction and control, and stipulated that COMUSPACOM would appoint a director who would report to COMUSPACOM.

b. Per National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY2002, Pub. L. 107-248, section 8093, Oct 23 2002, 116 Stat. 1558 CFE-DM-DMHA is authorized “in the current year and thereafter” to pay for expenses of “providing or facilitating education and training for appropriate military and civilian personnel of foreign countries.”

c. CFE-DM’s efforts support the USPACOM Theater Campaign Plan and Order. As such, CFE-DM assists in the operational development and transformation efforts of DMHA plans and activities.

d. CFE collaborates with domestic and international agencies on behalf of USPACOM in the following areas:

  1. Developing existing and new DMHA concepts and doctrine. 
  2. Supporting DoD in disaster management; disaster mitigation; preparedness, response, recovery and transition; health security; and humanitarian assistance.
  3. Providing operational analysis, risk assessment, and information management for DMHA.
  4. Conducting research and developing leading edge thought and best practices to enhance partner DMHA OPS. Advises the USPACOM staff and operational commander(s) on the application of leading edge thought and best practices in order to facilitate effective DMHA and contributes to unity of effort.
  5. Developing public/private partnerships in DMHA and synergizing efforts within an integrated framework in fostering resilient societies. 
  6. Conducting health security activities: education, training.

e. CFE accepts donations, as authorized under Title 10 United States Code, Section 182, to defray costs and enhance the operation of the Center. CFE-DM will report quarterly during the fiscal year, all gifts and donations accepted under 10 USC 182. Reports shall be submitted to the Director, Resources and Assessment (J8), USPACOM, no later than the 15th day of the month following the end of the fiscal quarter. The report shall include a description of all gifts and donations accepted and the source, fair market value, and date each gift or donation was accepted.


Other Useful References:

Fiscal Year 2014-2017 Strategic Plan for the U.S. Department of State and the USAID 

“We continue to respond to natural and man-made  disasters wherever they strike.”

“USAID’s Policy Framework features eight interrelated development objectives: Six (6) provide humanitarian assistance and support disaster mitigation;”

“While the Asia-Pacific is widely recognized as a region of economic dynamism, it is also home to 29 percent of the world’s poor and the site of 60 percent of the globe’s natural disasters.”

“Across the Asia-Pacific, the United States will join with its partners to promote democratic practices and improved governance, quality health and education, food security, strengthened disaster preparedness/emergency response, and improved environmental stewardship. This cooperation will contribute to greater civilian security, stability, and prosperity and stronger ties throughout the region.”

“Fragile countries are especially vulnerable to shocks, such as natural disasters and economic crises, and their spillover effects. Complex emergencies may arise that put demands on scarce humanitarian assistance resources. The U.S. government leads the international community in responding to crises, conflicts, and natural U.S. humanitarian assistance aims to save lives, alleviate suffering, and minimize the costs of conflict, crises, disasters, and displacement. This requires that the United States respond urgently to emergencies, and make concerted efforts to address hunger, resolve protracted humanitarian situations, and build the capacity to prevent and mitigate the effects of conflict  and disasters.”

“Most natural disasters such as drought or floods cannot be prevented. However, the U.S. government aims to enhance the resilience of countries so that they can respond and recover as quickly as possible. Strengthening resilience enables our humanitarian assistance to start the rebuilding and transition to long-term political, economic, and social investments that will consolidate and protect future development gains.”

“We will provide needs-based humanitarian assistance through flexible and timely funding for persons affected by crises, conflicts, and natural disasters. Through collaboration with other donors and host countries, we will find solutions to displacement, we will promote disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, and we will foster resilience.”

“Performance Goal 2.3.2 – Humanitarian Assistance: Response. By September 30, 2017, the United States will increase the timeliness and effectiveness of responses to U.S. government-declared international disasters, responding to 95 percent of disaster declarations within 72 hours and reporting on results.”


Department of Defense Support to Foreign Disaster Relief

"This handbook provides a Concept of Operations (CONOPS) and Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP) for joint forces at the operational and tactical levels tasked to perform Foreign Disaster Relief (FDR) operations in support of the Department of State and US Agency for International Development and in coordination with International Organizations such as the United Nations and International Red Cross and Red Crescent movement, other Intergovernmental Organizations (IGO) and Non-Governmental Organizations. It is intended to be an overarching guide as opposed to a rigid construct. "


U.S. Department of Defense "Agency Strategic Plan; Fiscal Years 2015 - 2018"

The 2015-2018 Department of Defense Agency Strategic Plan version 1.0 presents the Department’s strategic goals, objectives, and a performance management framework that will be used to evaluate the Department’s effectiveness and better informed management decision.


U.S. Pacific Command Foreign Humanitarian Assistance (FHA) Concept of Operations (UNCLASSIFIED) 22 February 2017

This document is a comprehensive revision which supersedes the FHA CONOPS dated 19 November 2014. The USPACOM FHA CONOPS is the authoritative reference for USPACOM FHA operations in response to a request for DOD assistance from the Lead Federal Agency (LFA), which will likely be the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)/ Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) in the case of natural or man-made disasters. This document builds the strategic and operational construct for planning, preparing, executing, and assessing FHA operations, and will be applied in situations when United States Government (USG) agencies request DOD assistance (e.g., foreign disaster relief (FDR) or pandemic and emerging infectious diseases (PEID). This CONOPS provides:

a. Prescriptive USPACOM guidance to military commanders performing FHA operations.
b. A framework to inform partner nations on USPACOM support during FHA operations.
c. A baseline for the development and conduct of training to prepare USPACOM commanders and forces to execute FHA operations.


USPACOM Decision Memo, “CFEDMHA Designation as Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance Coordinating Authority for U.S. Pacific Command,” 23 October 2013

1. "(U) BLUF: Recommend J00 approve designation of Director, Center for Excellence (CFE) as coordinating authority for USPACOM Theater Campaign (Phase 0) Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (DMHA) engagements. As coordinating authority, CFE will advise USPACOM on DMHA operations, actions, and activities (OAA) and engage with foreign partners on the same.

2. (U) Key Points:

  • Disaster Management is a term encompassing disaster preparedness, prevention, mitigation and response. As disaster management capability has grown within the Pacific theater, disaster management also now includes activities addressing disaster risk reduction and resiliency. CFE role in DMHA is focused on pre-crisis (Phase 0) activities, not response operations, though they have a role in advising on response operations. (Note: in this memo, DMHA and HADR are interchangeable terms and refer to pre-crisis responsibilities as differentiated from crisis response operations as the result of natural or manmade disaster.)
  • This role will be executed as part of the TCP/TCO planning and execution process and in coordination with PACOM stakeholders with whom this role intersects.
  • Currently, responsibility for DMHA OAA is divided among several agencies and directorates within HQ USPACOM
  • With multiple NGO, DOD, and UN agencies providing DMHA services/outreach within the PACOM AOR, a designated responsible coordinating authority will help facilitate situational awareness, coordination, and collaboration.”
  • J5 requested CFE assume primary responsibility for coordinating DMHA events with foreign partners, specifically for South East Asia related multi-lateral events, including ASEAN engagement with particular focus on the ASEAN Humanitarian Assistance Center, ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) and ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting Plus and the Lower Mekong Initiative (LMI). Under this concept, CFE will:
    • Assume primary responsibility for HADR working groups during PACOM cochaired bilateral defense dialogues.
    • Work with USPACOM J5 Country Directors, Country Teams and J4 Security Cooperation Officers to identify DMHA requirements. Coordinate with USPACOM Staff, Service Components and other agencies to plan engagements and activities focused on identified needs.
    • Maintain situational awareness of all USG and NGO/international organization HADR events in PACOM AOR to improve information sharing and collaboration. Produce a Common Operational Picture of those events to enhance this information sharing capability.
    • Advise J5 on HADR policy initiatives and proposed changes.
  • CFE will continue to support other USPACOM staff directorates in this DMHA coordination role including:
    • Partner with J07 to ensure DMHA health OAAs are included in exercise and engagements related to HADR.
    • Assist PACOM in assessing DMHA OAA during Theater Campaign assessments.
    • Partner with J6 to ensure communications interoperability and information sharing is integrated with DMHA events.
    • Provide exercise support to J7 for exercises involving HADR scenarios and events.
    • Provide operational support to the J3 and Joint Operations Center during actual crisis response planning and operations.
    • Provide input to J45 funding prioritization process for DMHA security cooperation projects.
    • Provide SME input to development of the USPACOM All Hazards Sub Campaign (AHSC).
    • Develop AOR-wide strategies and methodologies to coordinate DMHA OAAs and ensure alignment with and support to AHSC IMOs and Country Security Cooperation Plans.

RECOMMENDATION: Approve CFE designation as USPACOM DMHA coordinating authority, as specified, and direct updates to Memorandum of Understanding Between Commander, US Pacific Command and Director, Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (dated 20 Sep 11) and the FY14 and FY15 Theater Campaign Orders clarifying these roles and responsibilities for CFE.”